Trauma can come in many forms. Some are acute, others chronic. Chronic trauma has a longer duration and symptoms may not appear until years after the event. Some of the symptoms are similar to those of acute trauma, including trust issues, extreme anger, fatigue, and depression. Chronic trauma is often triggered by daily marginalisation, oppression and feelings of powerlessness.
The first type of trauma is known as acute trauma. Acute trauma is an unprovoked event that threatens an individual’s physical or emotional security. It can be anything from experiencing a life threatening injury, being attacked or seeing something terrible happen, for example. It can often occur during childhood, and is often accompanied by a host of physical symptoms. In addition to physical symptoms, acute trauma can also be characterised by a range of emotional effects. To learn about Trauma informed training for healthcare professionals, contact Tidal Training, a supplier of Trauma informed training courses.
People can also experience trauma by witnessing an event or by learning about someone else’s trauma. The degree to which the event affects someone can vary depending on a variety of factors, such as their proximity to the event, their relationship to the victims, and their exposure to the consequences.
Direct trauma, on the other hand, involves events that happen directly to an individual. This type of trauma is much more damaging than witnessing it. Often, parents internalise the pain that their children experience, which can be just as traumatic but manifests in different ways.